Sequence 01 _The Silence

Algeria, France, History, migration, colonialism

A curtain for sale, in the sun, in the alleys of the flea market of Marseille, France. May 15, 2022. The Flea Market is full of objects related to the culture of the Maghreb but also culinary stands, which give to these alleys a particular atmosphere. Marseille France

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Algeria, France, History, migration, colonialism

The Algeria Ferries behind the bars of the port of Marseille before its departure for Algeria. Marseille, France. April 29, 2022.

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Algeria, France, History, migration, colonialism, pied noir

View of the grotto of the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Santa Cruz. Nimes, France. May 25, 2022. The sanctuary of Our Lady of Santa Cruz is located in the district of Mas de Mingue, in Nimes. It was built between 1968 and 1969 and since 1965, on Ascension Day, it has been the site of a pilgrimage by Blackfoot from the region of Oran in Algeria, where the original shrine was built in the 19th century in response to the plague that ravaged the region. After 1962, one of the virgins of the shrine was repatriated and gave birth to the one in Nimes. It is a point of anchorage and reunion for many pieds-noirs who lived in Oran, Algeria.

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Algeria, France, History, migration, colonialism, pied noir

A stand composed of school photos and traditional food and drink of the pieds-noirs of the Oran region, Algeria. Through this type of stand, the pieds-noirs former inhabitants of Oran hope to find people who shared their childhood and their neighborhood in Algeria. Nimes, France. May 26, 2022 The sanctuary of Notre-Dame-de-Santa-Cruz is located in the Mas de Mingue district of Nimes. It was built between 1968 and 1969 and since 1965, on Ascension Day, it has been the site of a pilgrimage by Blackfoot from the region of Oran in Algeria, where the original shrine was built in the 19th century in response to the plague that ravaged the region. After 1962, one of the virgins of the shrine was repatriated and gave birth to the one in Nimes. It is a point of anchorage and reunion for many pieds-noirs who lived in Oran, Algeria.

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Algeria, France, History, migration, colonialism, pied noir

An archive of "French Africa" is on display at the National Documentation Center of the French of Algeria. Perpignan, France. June 26, 2022: Visit during the 43rd National Congress of the Cercle Algérianiste, in Perpigan, France. The Cercle Algérianiste, created in 1973, gathers a large majority of pieds-noirs, and has as its mission, among others and according to their terms, "to protest against the official history of the French presence in Algeria as presented by those who forced us into exile and to give a new vigor to the "Algerian-French" community, in order to re-establish our faith. In Perpignan they work closely with the "Centre National de Documentation des Français d'Algérie" and the new municipal team of Perpignan, led by the Mayor of the Rassemblement National Louis Alliot. Perpignan France

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Emilie Belafkih poses for a portrait in her living room, in Roganc, Bouches-du-Rhône, France. April 26, 2022. She is 39 years old, a company manager in transportation and furnished apartment rentals and lives today with her husband and children. Daughter of a black foot, Algeria for her is a buried identity, a kind of hereditary suffering that we do not understand. Something that transpires within the family but without real transmission. In spite of this, she feels a deep attraction, from a very young age, for this country, a culture. Imagination or real attachment? She will experience it personally in 2018 during her first trip, accompanied by her father. Years of silence that suddenly found the words to express themselves, to feel. This trip is the apotheosis of a personal and intimate journey, on the fringe of the pied-noir entourage and of what sometimes qualifies as an inherited racism, in the community she frequents. From the little girl of 8 years old in search of meaning, wearing a "French Algeria" pin, she gradually became interested in the Arabic language thanks to the grocer of her neighborhood who acts as a teacher, and began reading the Koran, before converting to Islam in 2009. Rognac France

Sequence 02_The city, the people

View of an old restaurant "l'Oranais" now closed in the rue d'Aubagne in Marseille, France. May 18, 2022. ___ France

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Late afternoon on a rock in the Vallon des Auffes. Marseille, France. May 15, 2022. Following the steps of Norah Bouhacene in "her" Marseille, we arrive on this rock, where she knows everyone. "The rock of the Algerians" she says laughing. Here, everyone has a link with Algeria, by one or both parents, by birth. Marseille France

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A video excerpt of a speech by General de Gaulle on Algeria booed by the audience during the 43rd National Congress of the Cercle Algérianiste, in Perpigan, France. The Cercle Algérianiste, created in 1973, gathers a large majority of pieds-noirs, and has for mission, among others and according to their terms "to protest against the official history of the French presence in Algeria such as it is presented by the very ones who forced us into exile and to give a new vigor to the "Algerian-French" community, in order to re-empower our faith. In Perpignan they work in close collaboration with the "Centre National de Documentation des Français d'Algérie" and the new municipal team of Perpignan, led by the Mayor of Rassemblement National Louis Alliot.
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Tribute to the French disappeared in Algeria between 1954 and 1963 on the wall of the Memorial of the disappeared, erected in 2007 at the Convent Sainte Claire de la Passion in Perpigan, France.ors of the 43rd National Congress of the Cercle Algérianiste, in Perpigan, France. The Cercle Algérianiste, created in 1973, gathers a large majority of pieds-noirs, and has for mission, among others and according to their terms "to protest against the official history of the French presence in Algeria such as it is presented by the very ones who forced us into exile and to give a new vigor to the "Algerian-French" community, in order to re-empower our faith. In Perpignan they work in close collaboration with the "Centre National de Documentation des Français d'Algérie" and the new municipal team of Perpignan, led by the Mayor of Rassemblement National Louis Alliot.
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Meriem Hammou, 36 and her family (father and brother) at the end of the family meal during the celebration of Eid el Fitr, marking the end of Ramadan. Issoudun, France - May 2, 2022. Meriem, born in Algeria, arrived in 2008 for her studies and then married Charef, a Frenchman of Algerian origin. Born in France, he often had to answer this question in his childhood, a question that his children are still asked today. "We are asked to integrate, but we are set apart". Aid el Fitr is a moment of religious celebration, but also cultural, experienced as a strong link to Algeria, much more than the holidays related to history.

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Four jerseys hanging in front of a store near the Marché du Soleil in Marseille, France - May 15, 2022. From left to right: French soccer team jersey, military uniform, Algerian team jersey, Tunisian team jersey.

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Norah Bouhacene (46) in the sun on a rock of the Vallon des Auffes. Marseille, France. May 15, 2022.

Norah is an educator, but she also went through the army where she felt she was the "bougnoule" on duty. The youngest of 16 children, she was born in France to Algerian parents, and feels above all a Marseillaise. "Algeria, for me, is my mother", it is her common thread, the link with the country where Norah does not necessarily have very good memories. However, for the past 3 years, she has held dual nationality, to avoid visa problems, in particular to accompany her mother who wishes to rest in Algeria when the time comes.
"In France you can be Franco-anything, there is no problem, but as soon as it is Franco-Maghrebian, it is not possible. France and Algeria according to Norah, it's I love you, I love you not.


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Sequence 02_ Imaginary

Pieces of watermelon at a family meal during the celebration of Eid el Fitr, marking the end of Ramadan in the family of Charef and Meriem Hammou in Issoudun, France - May 2, 2022. Charef is French of Algerian origin. Born in France, he often had to answer this question in his childhood, a question that his children are still asked today. "We are asked to integrate, but we are set apart". His wife Meriem arrived in 2008 as part of her studies. Aid el Fitr is a moment of religious celebration, but also cultural, experienced as a strong link to Algeria, much more than the holidays related to history. Issoudun France

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Red babouchs in the living room of Charef and Meriem Hammou's family in Issoudun, France - May 2, 2022. 

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During the 43rd National Congress of the Algerianist Circle, some hands look for the name of a relative on the wall of the Memorial of the Disappeared, erected in 2007 in memory of the French people who disappeared in Algeria between 1954 and 1963. It is located at the Convent of Sainte Claire de la Passion in Perpigan, France. June 26, 2022. The Cercle Algérianiste, created in 1973, gathers a large majority of pieds-noirs, and has as its mission, among others and according to their terms, "to protest against the official history of the French presence in Algeria as presented by those who forced us into exile and to give a new vigor to the "Algerian-French" community, in order to renew our faith. In Perpignan they work in close collaboration with the "Centre National de Documentation des Français d'Algérie" and the new municipal team of Perpignan, led by the Mayor of Rassemblement National Louis Alliot.

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A wax manequin, dressed as in the desert on a wine stand "of the repatriates", in the village of the reunion, during the 43rd National Congress of the Algerianist circle, in Perpigan, France. June 24, 2022. The Cercle Algérianiste, created in 1973, gathers a large majority of pieds-noirs, and has as its mission, among others and according to their terms, "to protest against the official history of the French presence in Algeria as presented by those who forced us into exile and to give a new vigor to the "Algerian-French" community, in order to renew our faith. In Perpignan they work in close collaboration with the "Centre National de Documentation des Français d'Algérie" and the new municipal team of Perpignan, led by the Mayor of Rassemblement National Louis Alliot.

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Mohamed K., 44 years old in a street in the Noailles district of Marseille, France. He is a handyman, mechanic and computer technician, and works in an association in the city center. He is originally from the Oran region, he arrived in 2017 with a tourist visa, to take care of his mother, in France for 25 years, who had health problems. Having a good situation in Algeria, moving to France was never really an option.

Without papers since the end of his tourist visa, he cannot return to see his wife and 3 children, who remain in Algeria. In October 2022, he will have been living on "French soil" for 5 years, hoping to obtain a residence permit with the help of a lawyer. The soil, and the inhabited territory is a notion that defines according to him who we are, and that obliges each one to respect those who surround us and share this soil, whatever our origins.

Sequence 03_Hi/story

View of the Memorial of Algerian repatriates, on the Corniche JF Kennedy in Marseille. Marseille, France - April 28, 2022. It was designed by César and inaugurated in 1970. The boat propeller symbolizes the crossing of the Mediterranean Sea that the repatriates had to make in 1962 to reach Marseille. Marseille France

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View of the Memorial of Algerian repatriates, on the Corniche JF Kennedy in Marseille. Marseille, France - April 28, 2022. It was designed by César and inaugurated in 1970. The boat propeller symbolizes the crossing of the Mediterranean Sea that the repatriates had to make in 1962 to reach Marseille. Marseille France

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The tray of the Jewish Easter, family object of the rabbinic ancestors of Marthe-helene Choukroun. Montpellier, France. May 9, 2022. Atheist, it is to her that must return "the tray of the ancestors", rabins in Algeria, even if she has always sought an alternative to receive this gift heavy with tradition. It has finally traveled with her many lives to Paris, Ecuador, and then to Montpellier, where it is kindly forgotten. It is always there somewhere but we never really know where it is. It is when we talk about it, when we wonder where it is, when we look for it, then confuse it with another one brought back from Morocco, that it appears. Montpellier France

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Marthe Helene Choukroun (right) and her son Salvador (left) on the balcony of the family home. Montpellier, France. May 9, 2022. Marthe-helene Choukroun was sent to France after the death of her mother (while her brothers remained in Algeria). Atheist, it is to her that must return "the tray of the ancestors", rabins in Algeria, even if she has always sought an alternative to receive this gift heavy with tradition. It has finally traveled with her many lives to Paris, Ecuador, and then to Montpellier, where it is kindly forgotten. It is always there somewhere but we never really know where it is. It is when we talk about it, when we wonder where it is, when we look for it, then confuse it with another one brought back from Morocco, that it appears.


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Sequence 04_Troubles

Postcards with the epigraph of General Raoul Salan distributed at the stand of the Association of Friends of Raoul Salan. The General is one of the authors of the Putsch of the Generals in 1961 and leader of the OAS, Secret Army Organization. Perpignan, France. June 26, 2022. This stand is part of the 43rd National Congress of the Cercle Algérianiste, in Perpigan, France. The Cercle Algérianiste, created in 1973, gathers a large majority of pieds-noirs, and has as its mission, among others and according to their terms, "to protest against the official history of the French presence in Algeria as presented by those who forced us into exile and to give a new vigor to the "Algerian-French" community, in order to renew our faith. In Perpignan they work in close collaboration with the "Centre National de Documentation des Français d'Algérie" and the new municipal team of Perpignan, led by the Mayor of Rassemblement National Louis Alliot.

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A child wearing an Algerian flag during an associative celebration of the 60th anniversary of Algeria's independence, in Lyon, France. July 5, 2022. The event was organized on the Louis Pradel square, by the Collectif des Algeriens de France whose president is Abdelaziz Boumediene

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Samira Ferfache ( 51) on the terrace of the premises of Cocoon'âges, in a building of apartments of the new extension of the district "Les crottes", which she is in charge of. The idea is to support the appropriation of the space and to guarantee a certain link between the inhabitants. Marseille, France. May 16, 2022. Born in Bordeaux, her father, from the generation of what she calls "the good citizens" was a communist and union activist, a local supporter of the FLN. For her, Algerians have a real sense of community and a fighting spirit, due to the non-presence of the State in their daily lives, something that she believes they try to reproduce in France, when they arrive, alone in this new society. She imagines her community of belonging to be Mediterranean, but she constantly reflects on her Algerianity through her work, her encounters and her own life path, which evolves according to the audience. A fluid feeling of belonging and a real logic of interculturality that exudes between the two countries. "The wealth of France is diversity, the rest I do not want".

Seuqence 06_ The senses

French people born in Oran touch the Virgin of Santa Cruz before she goes on pilgrimage. The sanctuary of Our Lady of Santa Cruz is located in the district of Mas de Mingue, in Nimes. It was built between 1968 and 1969 and since 1965, on Ascension Day, it has been the site of a pilgrimage of Blackfoot people from the region of Oran in Algeria, where the original shrine was built in the 19th century in response to the plague that ravaged the region. After 1962, one of the virgins of the shrine was repatriated and gave birth to the one in Nimes. It constitutes a point of anchorage and reunion for many pieds-noirs having lived in Oran, Algeria. Nimes France

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Mohamed Goumri ( 38), known as "Momo", wears a custom-made "Orange Hermes" Djellaba in a Marseilles cove on his day off. Marseille, France. May 18, 2022. Originally from Oran, he is a famous waiter in the bars and bistros of Marseille, who greets everyone in the street. At the beginning of his career, in a fancy place of the Phocaean city, his boss sees Mohammed's first name in a bad light and suggests that he be called "Zidane", because it sounds better for the customers. An ordinary racism. Homosexual, Mohammed is the only one in his family who does not yet have French nationality despite being 17 years old in France. Born in Libya during a trip by his parents, his birth certificate is not accessible and has delayed the process. But if he really had to choose, it would be Algeria without hesitation, of which he is proud, even if his life is free. Marseille France

Sequence 07_Welcome and exile

A man carries his family name and the name of his childhood town in Algeria in order to find old friends. Nimes, France. May 26, 2022. The sanctuary of Our Lady of Santa Cruz is located in the Mas de Mingue district of Nimes. It was built between 1968 and 1969 and since 1965, on Ascension Day, it has been the site of a pilgrimage of Blackfoot people from the region of Oran in Algeria, where the original shrine was built in the 19th century in response to the plague that ravaged the region. After 1962, one of the virgins of the shrine was repatriated and gave birth to the one in Nimes. It is a point of anchorage and reunion for many pieds-noirs who lived in Oran, Algeria.

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A lighter in the image of Marseille, France. May 18, 2022. Marseille France

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Two signs mentioning the Place Hoche neighborhood and the La Moricière School in Oran, Algeria on a tree in the sanctuary of Our Lady of Santa Cruz. Through this type of stand, the pieds-noirs former inhabitants of Oran hope to find people who shared their childhood and their neighborhood in Algeria. Nimes, France. May 26, 2022.the sanctuary of Our Lady of Santa Cruz is located in the district of Mas de Mingue, in Nimes. It was built between 1968 and 1969 and since 1965, on Ascension Day, it has been the site of a pilgrimage of Blackfoot people from the region of Oran in Algeria, where the original shrine was built in the 19th century in response to the plague that ravaged the region. After 1962, one of the virgins of the shrine was repatriated and gave birth to the one in Nimes. It is a point of anchorage and reunion for many pieds-noirs who lived in Oran, Algeria.

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Epilogo

Algerian flag during am algerian protest in Paris, France

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